FORMS OF ATTACK
SHOMENUCHI: Downward strike to the front of the head
YOKOMENUCHI: Strike to the side of the head
MUNETSUKI: Thrusting attack to the chest
MAEGERI: Front snapping kick
KATATETORI AI HANMI: Cross hand single wrist grab .Uke/nage stand in same stance–mirrored.
KATATETORI GAKYU HANMI: Same side hand single wrist grab. Uke/nage stand in opposite stance.
KATATORI: Lapel Shoulder grab .Uke/nage stand in opposite stance.
KATATORI MENUCHI: Grasping lapel and attack Shomenuchi or Yokomenuchi. Uke/nage stand in opposite stance.
KATATORI GA MENUCHI: Grasping lapel and punching to the face. Uke/nage stand in opposite stance.
RYOTETORI: Grasping both wrists
RYOKATATORI: Grasping both lapels
MOROTETORI: Grasping a forearm with two hands
USHIRO TEKUBITORI: Wrists grabbed from behind
USHIROKATATORI: Grasping both shoulders from behind
USHIROTORI: Grasping from behind (bear hug)
USHIROHIJITORI: Grasping elbows from behind
USHIRO KATATETORI KUBI SHIME: Grasping a wrist from behind and choking
JIYU WAZA: Free technique
RANDORI: Seizing chaos. Defense against multiple attackers
TANTODORI: Defense against knife attacks
BOKKENDORI: Defense against bokken attacks
JODORI: Defense against jo attack
Ai hanmi – Uke/nage stand in same stance–mirrored.
Gyaku hanmi – Uke/nage stand in opposite stance
TACHI WAZA: Standing techniques. Both nage and uke in standing position ( hanmi )
SUWARI WAZA: Kneeling techiniques. Both nage and uke in seated position ( seiza )
HANMI HANTACHI WAZA: Nage in seated position ( seiza ) against a standing attacker
All techniques should be performed Omote waza and Ura waza.
Dynamic, static variations you must know
IKKYO: First teaching and pin.
NIKKYO: Second teaching and pin.
SANKYO: Third teaching, nage waza ( throwing ) and osae waza ( pin ).
YONKYO: Fourth teaching and pin.
GOKYO: Fifth teaching and pin.
IRIMINAGE: Entering throw leading the balance and stepping through
KOTEGAESHI: Wrist turning throw and pin
SHIHONAGE: Four directions throw
KOKYUNAGE: Timing throw
KAITENAGE: Rotary throw- “turn to heaven”.. Uchi ( internal ), soto ( externa l), Omote, ura variations.
SHOKUMEN IRIMINAGE: Entering in the side of the face and throw
TENCHINAGE: Heaven and earth throw. Omote, ura variations
SUMIOTOSHI: Corner drop throw
JUJINAGE: Blending the arms in the shape of the Japanese number 10 ( shape of a cross ) and throwing
KOSHINAGE: Hip throw
SUDORI: Disappearing throw
Japanese Words & Phrases:
Aikikai – Organizational name for Aikido Headquarters.
Atemi – Strike.
Bokken (Bokuto) – Wooden Japanese sword.
Budo – Martial way.
Bushido – Way of theWarrior.
Chi – Earth.
Chudan – Middle position. As in Chudan no kamae.
Dan – Black belt level.
Deshi – Student.
-soto-deshi Outside student (not living at the dojo).
-uchi-deshi Live in student.
Do – Path or way.
Dogi (gi) – Training uniform.
Dojo – Literally place of the way.
Dojo Cho – The operational head of the dojo. A title.
Doshu – Head of theWay. A title.
Domo Arigato Gozaimasu – Formal thank you.
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita – Formal thank you for
what has been received. Past tense.
Dojo – Training hall
Dori/Tori – Grab.
Dozo – Please. Go ahead, please continue.
Fudoshin – Unshakable, stable, centered.
Fukushidoin – First Level Instructor.
Funakogi undo – Rowing exercise.
Gaeshi – Turn back or reverse.
Gedan – Lower position. As in Gedan no kamae.
Hai – Yes
Hakama – Skirt-like pants worn over gi pants.
Hanmi – Balanced half stance, one foot forward.
Hanmi handachi – Kneeling defense, uke standing.
Happo undo – Eight direction exercise.
Hara – Center, lower abdomen, center of gravity.
Henka waza – Switching from one technique to another.
Hidari – Left.
Hiji – Elbow.
Hiza – Knee.
Hombu (Dojo) – AikidoWorld Headquarters, Japan
Iie – No.
Irimi – Entering.
Jiyu Waza – Interval attacks-nage varies techniques.
Jo – Japanese wooden weapon – a short staff.
Jodan – Upper position. As in Jodan no kamae.
Jotori – Staff take away, disarming.
Kaeshi waza – Counter techniques.
Kakari keiko – Same technique executed on several
Kamae – Defensive stance with or w/o a weapon.
Kamiza – Top seat within dojo, located at the far right,
while facing the dojo Shomen “shrine”.
Kata – Shoulder.
Kata – Predetermined sequences of movements used
as a learning technique.
Katatori – Shoulder grab.
Katatetori – Single wrist grab.
Keiko – Practice, practice session.
Keikogi (gi) – Training uniform.
Ken – Sword.
Ki – Spirit, energy.
Kiai – A shout to focus one’s energy.
Kohai – A junior to one who has trained longer and
comes before. A matter of seniority but also an intangible
awareness of place in the martial group.
Kihon – Something which is basic, fundamental.
Kokyu – Breath power.
Kokyudosa – Sitting exercise using breath power.
Kubi – Neck.
Kubishime – Choke hold.
Kumitachi – Paired sword training.
Kyu – All ranks below Dan level.
Maai – Spacing, proper distancing.
Mae – Front, forward.
Mae ukemi – Front roll.
Makiotoshi – Wrapping drop throw.
Mentsuki – Closed fist punch to the head/face.
Menuchi – Hand-blade strike to the top of the head.
Misogi – Purification, mostly through breathing undo.
Migi – Right.
Morotetori – Two hands grab to one arm.
Mukyusha – Those not yet having attained kyu rank.
Nage – Throw, or the one who throws.
Obi – Belt.
Omote – Movement toward the front of uke.
Onegaishimasu – May I be of service or please grant
me this favor.
Randori – Free style, random multiple attackers.
Rei – Formal bow.
Reigi – Etiquette or courtesy.
Ryo – Both.
Ryokatatori – Grabbing both shoulders.
Sempai – Student/Instructor above your rank. A person
may be sempai to other kohai but they are also kohai or a
junior student to someone else.
Sensei – Teacher.
Seiza – Formal kneeling posture
Shidoin – Instructor.
Shihan – Senior Instructor.
Shikko – Knee walking.
Shizentai – Standing with feet apart in line w/shoulders.
Shomen – Front of dojo–O-Sensei picture resides there.
Shoshin – Beginner mind.
Soto – Outside.
Suburi – Practice cutting action with a weapon.
Tachi – Long sword.
Tachi tori – Disarming attacker of bokken.
Tai Sabaki – Body movement.
Tanto – Knife.
Te – Hand.
Tegatana – Hand blade.
Tekubi – Wrist.
Ten – Heaven.
Tenkan – Turning.
Tenshin – Nage retreats at a 45 degree angle–away
from attack and creates a new angle to Uke.
Tsuki – Forward closed fisted punch.
Uchi – Inside.
Uchi-deshi – Student living in the dojo.
Ude – Arm.
Udekimenage – Arm lock throw.
Uke – The person receiving the technique (attacker).
Ukemi – The knack or art of falling.
Ura – Towards the back.
Ushiro – Behind.
Ushiro ukemi – Back fall or roll.
Ushiro Tekubitori – Both wrists grabbed from behind.
Ushiro Kubishime – Neck choke from behind.
Waza – Techniques.
Yudansha – Dan, black belt rank.
Yukyusha – Kyu, not yet having attained black belt rank.
Zanshin – Continuing awareness and centeredness–
the follow through after executing a technique.